Appendix To Involvement: Comparing Four Modified Involvement Scales (Mittal 1995) - Statswork

Appendix To Involvement: Comparing Four Modified Involvement Scales (Mittal 1995)


A comparison of the four consumer involvement scales is made by Mittal (1985) wherein the scales are compared after necessary modifications. Following are the scales that are compared:

  • Personal Involvement Inventory by Zaichkowsky (1985)
  • Consumer Involvement Profiles by Laurent and Kapferer (1985)
  • Foote, Cone, and Belding (FCB) by Ratchford (1987)
  • Purchase decision involvement by Mittal (1989)

A five item PII was devised which revealed internal consistency and unidimensionality as a measure of product involvement and purchase decision involvement. Following are the modified scale comparisons:


Banwari Mittal

Reliability and Validity:

Content validity and Unidimensionality are assessed so as to identify the extent to which hypothetical, unobservable construct of interest corresponds to the purported measure of it. Furthermore, convergent validity and nomological validity.

Administration, Analysis and Reporting

Statswork comprises a team of professional statisticians which can obliged the professional or student researcher in support to fill the survey instrument, gathering the information, organising the analysis and describing the results.

For more information on this service, click here

    Service Required
    Methodology consultationQuestionnaire designData collectionData cleaning Analysis of dataInterpretation of analysisOthers

    Preferred Software

    Upload Files

    Get the Help from Professional Statisticians & Biostatisticians