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Research Design - Qualitative/Quantitative and Mixed Methods
 

Research Design

Our Statswork helps you in developing research design.
 
 

1

Question

2

Sample

3

Sampling Strategy

4

Recruitment

5

Retention

6

Ethics

7

Data Collection

8

Data analysis

9

Reaching conclusion

10

Making recommendation

11

Dissemination

12

Wider impact

 
Research ApproachKnowledge ClaimsStrategy of InquiryMethodUse these practices of research, as the researcher
QuantitativePostpositivist assumptions
  • Experimental design
  • Quasi- experimental design
  • Predetermined
  • Closed-ended questions
  • Performance, attitude, observation and census data
  • Statistical analysis
  • Tests or verifies theories or explanations
  • Identifies variables to study
  • Relates variables in questions or hypotheses
  • Uses standards of validity and reliability
  • Observes and measures information numerically
  • Uses unbiased approaches
  • Employ statistical procedures
QualitativeConstructivist assumptionsEthnographic design
  • Emerging methods
  • Open-ended questions
  • Field observation, document data
  • Text and image analysis
  • Positions himself of herself collects participant meanings
  • Focuses on a single concept or phenomenon
  • Brings personal values into the study
QualitativeAdvocacy/Participatory assumptionsNarrative design
  • Open-ended interview and audiovisual data
  • Text and image analysis
  • Studies the context or setting of participants
  • Validates the accuracy of findings
  • Makes interpretations of the data
  • Creates an agenda for change/reform
Mixed MethodsPragmatic assumptionsMixed methods design
  • Both predetermined and emerging methods
  • Both open- and closed -ended questions
  • Multiple forms of data drawing on all possibilities
  • Statistical and text analysis
  • Collects both quantitative and qualitative data
  • Develops a rationale for mixing
  • Presents visual picture of the procedure in the study
  • Employs the practices of both qualitative and quantitative research

For instance

  • Research design is exploratory at this stage and tends to tackle new problems on which little or no previous research has been done. This will help in determining the research design, sampling methodology and data collection method. This will form the basis of conclusive or confirmatory research in the end.
  • Exploratory will turn into explanatory during hypotheses test about cause-and-effect relationships. The objective is to determine which variable might be causing a certain behavior, i.e. whether there is a cause and effect relationship between variables.
  • The research will end with confirmatory factor analysis.

Reference

Creswell, J. W. 2003. Research Design: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. SAGE. Thousand Oaks. USA.

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