Quantitative Research Design
In quantitative research, the researchers maintain a separate, open-minded view in order to understand the reality (Duffy, 1986). In this research, qualitative methodologies also have supposed strengths and weaknesses with respect to the closeness of the relationship between respondent and researcher. Duffy (1986) argued that strength of this interactive relationship is that the investigator acquired first-hand experience giving useful, meaningful data. As the researcher and the subject spend more time together the data are more likely to be valid and honest (Bryman, 1988). This approach implements data analysis or questionnaire process which encompasses in designing graphs or tabulating statistics to collect the numerical data.