Need for Emotion NFE Raman, Chattopadhyay and Hoyer in 1995 - Statswork

Need for Emotion: NFE (Raman, Chattopadhyay and Hoyer 1995)


The Need for Emotion: NFE developed by Raman, Chattopadhyay and Hoyer (1995) is a multidimensional measure using a 5-point Likert scale items ranging from 1 Strongly Disagree to 5 Strongly Agree. Item scores are summed to form an overall NFE composite ranging from 12 to 60. There are three components are:

  • Affect intensity,
  • Emotional styles
  • Affective orientation

All the three components contain items specific to assess differences among individuals in the way that people deal with emotions in related to fashion.

The authors described as:

" Individuals vary in their necessity to seek out emotional stimuli, no construct has been created to calculate this tendency in previous, however, this scale fulfil this gap."


Raman, N. V., Chattopadhyay, P., & Hoyer, W. D.

Reliability and Validity

  • Affective orientation- 0.69
  • Need for cognition scale (NFC) – 0.46
  • Emotional styles- 0.67 and 0.31.

Obtaining the NFE

Florida State University

University of Texas The author expressed their perception in following, with regards to NFE scale. Researchers may utilise the scale of Need for Emotion: NFE (Raman, Chattopadhyay and Hoyer 1995) in any proper published source.

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